Kurdistan Regional Government

Representation in Spain


Kurdish, a language belonging to the Indo-European family, is the most spoken in the Kurdistan region.

The official languages in the Kurdistan Region, in the administrative field, are Kurdish and Arabic.

The two most spoken dialects of Kurdish are Sorani and Kurmanji. There are other dialects spoken by smaller communities such as Hawrani (also known as Gorani), Kalhori and Zaza.

The Sorani dialect uses a modified Arabic alphabet while the Kurmanji Kurdish dialect uses the Latin alphabet. Sorani is spoken in the cities of Erbil and Sulaymaniyah and Kurmanji is used in Duhok. Given the development and spread of Kurdish-language media, and the mobility of the Kurdish population, today, all people in Kurdistan can speak, or at least understand the two majority dialects. The Kurdistan Regional Government has promoted a policy of promoting the two main dialects in the educational system and in the media.

Arabic is also an official language and is commonly spoken and understood. Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, and Turkmen are also used in their respective communities.

The Kurdistan Regional Government promotes diversity and linguistic rights, as demonstrated by the establishment of schools teaching Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Turkish and Arabic.

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